Right to education act 2009-The Parliament of India enacted the Right To Education Act 2009 the Right To
The Parliament of India enacted the Right To Education Act 2009 the Right To
Right to Education Act 2009
Education Act 2009 EDUCATION
The Indian Parliament has enacted the Right To Education Act 2009
- To grapple with the downward spiral of the education system and poor learning outcomes.
- The act aims towards providing free and compulsory elementary education to kids between the age group of 6 years to 14 years.
- The Indian government wants every Indian child to get a quality education, irrespective of caste, creed, gender and family income.
The Right To Education 2009 Act was enacted on 4th August in the year of 2009, and since its beginning, we have seen lots of changes in the enrolment levels, literacy rates of states, equitable access and education standards.
Let us look at the impact of the right to education act and the important statistics you need to know.
What Is Right To Education Act 2009?
The enactment of the Right to Education Act 2009 under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution was a major move to change the failing landscape of education in India. Education is one of the most powerful tools to uplift a nation and equip children with essential skills.
As per the report by UNESCO:-
About 159 countries of the world guarantee free education for 9 years or more than of it and Now Our country is the part of the list.
Important points to remember: The act came into effect on 1 April 2010 and it clearly states that education of every child is the basic need and fundamental right. Therefore, All private schools must manage 25% of seats reserved for children who are belonging to weaker sections of our society. The school, (Unrecognized) cannot interview a child or the parent for admission. No child pursuing elementary education shall be held, expelled, back, or asked to pass a board examination.
The Right To Education act 2009 offers provisions for students who by any reason, dropped out of school. Schools are forbidden to charge any capitation fee at any level or step while giving admission to a child. All government and deemed schools must create a School Management Committee composed of 75 percent(%) members as parents or guardians.
Importance of Education
Why are 159 countries focusing on improving and providing quality education to their citizens?
Since 1947, our Independence, Indian governments have worked on various educational policies and financial interventions to improve the provision towards right to education. Education plays a key role that concerns for all political parties, NGOs and society.
Let us find out. Education provides opportunities for career development, thought and personality development and stability in life. A students is always seen a dream to give his parents a better life and social standard that is easily achievable when a degree from a college that enhance the knowledge of your subjects increase your chances of getting higher-paying jobs resulting in improving standard and financial security.
Access to quality education ( assisted by Right to education 2009) reduces the gaps between social classes and uplifts the marginalized and weaker sections of the society. Education reduces crime and fraud activities which makes our society more peaceful as it is often observed that an educated individuals are never participate in criminal activities. Education improves the body language, behavior, critical thinking and analytical skills.
An standard education is one of the most important tools for achieving the confidence and expressing your thoughts, feelings, perspectives, or ideas.
Impact of Right to Education Act 2009
Right to education 2009 of India, the System increase in Enrolment in the Upper Primary Levels. The Right to Education 2009 act is responsible for increasing the enrolment rate in classes 6 to 8, also known as upper primary classes.
According to the data published by the District Information System of Education, during 2009 to 2016, students enrolling in upper primary classes increased by 19.4 percentile.
Source: District Information System of Education Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan show a steady increase in enrolment numbers in upper primary grades.
State Percentage Increase In Enrolment
All recognized schools must have ramps for students with disabilities. Clean drinking water facilities on the school premises. Playground for students. According to the data published by the District Information System of Education, only 13% of all schools are fully equipped to comply with the RTE norms. The lack of funds and poor management are the two major challenges that need to be resolved quickly. School administrators need to make the best use of the available resources, especially in the rural areas.
25% Quota under the Right to Education Act One of the primary goals of the Right To Education Act 2009 is to ensure that every child in India, irrespective of their creed, caste, gender and socio-economic status, gets a quality education. We have moved from policy-level decisions to creating an environment that promotes education as a fundamental right and a legal obligation of states.
Right To Education Act 2009 Section 12(1)(c) states that all schools must reserve at least 25% of their seats for children who are from marginalized and financially backward sections of society. 25-percent reservation strives for social integration of disadvantaged groups (DG) and Economically weaker sections (EWS).
The school premises must be a neutral premises or place that welcomes all children to grow and learn together. The central government reimburses the schools for all students that get admission due to the 25% quota, which are the provision under right to education act 2009, The State-wise variations in the number of admissions under the Right To Education Act 2009 Section 12(1)(c) are still a big Challenge or hurdle. For example, MP (Madhya Pradesh) filled 88.2 percent of the quota seats while Andhra Pradesh could only fill 0.21 percent.
The disparity in the numbers is due to variable state budgets, policy interventions, awareness, families’ socioeconomic status and ease of the process. “For instance, in 2013-14, Madhya Pradesh had a fill rate of 88.2 percent and Rajasthan’s stood at 69.3 percent.
The performance of these two states was in stark contrast to that of Uttar Pradesh, for example, which had a fill rate of 3.62 percent, and Andhra Pradesh with 0.21 percent.” Criticism of the Right To Education Act 2009 Discrimination towards parents and students who belong to the economically weaker sections (EWS) and disadvantaged groups (DG). Students have a hard time blending in with other students even with existence of right to education 2009 act.
Lack of confidence in government schools Local authorities cannot keep track of children who can benefit from the Right To Education Act 2009 Section 12(1)(c), and therefore they cannot seek out children for admission. First-generation students are unable to out the form and miss out on admissions. For example, nearly 33% of applications submitted in Gujarat for admissions under the Right To Education act were incomplete or inaccurate. Private schools deny admissions as they do not get reimbursed on time. Some parents were asked to pay for the application or donate money for the admissions. Delays in the admissions process result in students dropping out of the program or not getting admission on time. It’s free and happy scheme
Other Significant Government Policies that have shaped Indian to Right to education act 2009
- Education System 1950 Constitutional Mandate
- National Policy of Education 1986
- Shri Unnikrishnan judgment 1993
- Mid-day Meal Scheme 1995
- Education Ministers’ Resolve 1998
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) 2001
Conclusion of the Right to education act 2009
Act is one of the most important reforms in the Indian education system and it has a cascading effect on students’ lives. But a number of cities, villages and towns are still lacking in implementation and management processes. While we can see an increase in the number of admissions in schools under the RTE act, learning outcomes are on a decline.