Satyabrata Ghose vs. Mugneeram Bangur- This case was heard by the Supreme Court of India in 1954.

  • The case revolved around a contract dispute between Satyabrata Ghose (plaintiff) and Mugneeram Bangur (defendant).
  • Satyabrata Ghose had entered into an agreement with Mugneeram Bangur to sell certain properties. However, due to certain legal complications and uncertainties regarding the title of the properties, the sale deed was not executed as initially agreed.

Satyabrata Ghose vs. Mugneeram Bangur

Key Legal Issue:

  • The primary legal issue in this case was whether the doctrine of equitable estoppel applied to prevent Mugneeram Bangur from denying the existence of the contract and to enforce specific performance of the contract.

Court’s Decision:

  • The Supreme Court held that the doctrine of equitable estoppel applied in this case. Equitable estoppel, also known as promissory estoppel, is a legal principle that prevents a party from going back on its word or promise when the other party has relied on that promise to their detriment.
  • In this case, the Court found that Mugneeram Bangur had made certain representations and assurances regarding the sale of the properties, and Satyabrata Ghose had acted in reliance on those representations.
  • As a result, the Court ruled in favor of Satyabrata Ghose and held that Mugneeram Bangur was estopped from denying the existence of the contract, and specific performance of the contract was ordered.


  • The Satyabrata Ghose vs. Mugneeram Bangur case is significant in Indian contract law as it established the principle of equitable estoppel in contract disputes.
  • It clarified that if one party makes a promise or representation to another, and the other party relies on that promise to their detriment, the promisor can be estopped from going back on their promise.
  • The case has been cited and relied upon in numerous subsequent legal cases involving contract disputes and equitable estoppel in India.

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